Sustainable Agriculture

The global population is expected to reach 10 billion by 2050, raising concerns about feeding these increasing numbers without further degrading the environment. Our work focuses on bringing sustainability in agricultural practices by developing plant and microbe derived products that reduce the use of chemical fertilisers while substantially improving crop yields. We are making strides in using nano biotechnology to develop a range of green products including nano-fertilisers, superfoods and algal based bioenergy. We demonstrate change by helping farming communities improve their livelihood through our products and practices.

agriculture narrative


  • Agricultura Coalition



    Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

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  • Mycorrhizal Research


    State of Science, Technology and Innovation Skills for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-use Systems

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  • cooling plants


    Recent Events

    Nanobiotechnology in natural food colours

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  • TERI and CFCL



    TERI and CFCL launch Mycorrhiza Product

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  • cooling plants



    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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Nano steps towards Climate Smart Agriculture

Its deceptively small size is no measure of its impact. Nanotechnology may work at a small scale, but the minuscule size of nanomaterials belies their efficiency. Little wonder then that the technology is being increasingly applied in agriculture to enhance efficacy and, importantly, to shrink the adverse impact of conventional chemical fertilizers on the environment and health.

A comparative assessment of biomass pretreatment methods for the sustainable industrial upscaling of rice straw into cellulose

Source- Cellulose

Publisher- Springer Nature

Year- 18 March 2023


This paper gives a comprehensive characteristic comparison of cellulose-rich variants obtained from the rice straw using different pretreatment methods along with the preliminary cost analyses indicating their potential economic feasibility.

International Year of Millets

Renewed Focus on Nutrition Storehouse

The United Nations General Assembly at its 75th session in March 2021 declared 2023 the International Year of Millets (IYM 2023). In this article, Livleen K Kahlon says that with the UNGA declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets, there’s a renewed focus on these nutritious grains. This move will serve best in the interest of developing countries, where almost 97 per cent of global millet production happens. But, it is going to take a lot of effort to change the mindset and lifestyles of consumers towards a millet-positive diet.

India’s Women Farmers: The Unimagined Mass

India is known for its agricultural produce, but what we do not know, or perhaps tend to overlook, is the contribution of women in the growth of this sector. In this article, Himanshu Kumar and Vivek Kumar enlighten us about the role of women in the agriculture sector and some of the problems they face.


World Sustainable Development Summit 2024

February 7, 2024
to February 9, 2024

 7-9 February 2024 | New Delhi


January 31, 2024
to January 31, 2024

Book Release: TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) 2022-23

January 23, 2024
to January 23, 2024

TERI Energy & Environment Data Diary and Yearbook (TEDDY) is an annual publication brought out by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) since 1986. TEDDY presents latest information on energy supply sectors (coal and lignite, petroleum and natural gas, power and renewable energy sources), energy demand sectors (agriculture, industry, transport, residential, and commercial sectors), and environment (local and global). It seeks to support policy research and decision-making by providing policymakers and researchers with the data which can be used to develop actionable solutions.

SDG Blueprint for Sustainable Agriculture: Second Expert Consultation (26th September)

November 26, 2023
to November 26, 2023

The project SDG Blueprint for Sustainable Agriculture conducted five expert consultations to seek insights into the interlinkages between the SDGs and sustainable agriculture at the policy interface at the national level in India.

The consultations witnessed the participation of 123 experts hailing from diverse backgrounds including government, think tanks, international organizations, businesses, and academics.

The expert consultation took place on 26th September 2023 and covered SDG 1, SDG 3, SDG 4, SDG 5 and SDG 10.

SDG Blueprint for Sustainable Agriculture: First Expert Consultation (22nd September)

November 22, 2023
to November 22, 2023

The project SDG Blueprint for Sustainable Agriculture conducted five expert consultations to seek insights into the interlinkages between the SDGs and sustainable agriculture at the policy interface at the national level in India.

The consultations witnessed the participation of 123 experts hailing from diverse backgrounds including government, think tanks, international organizations, businesses, and academics.

The first expert consultation took place on 22nd September 2023 and covered SDG 7, SDG 13, and SDG 14.

Dialogue on SDG Blueprint for Sustainable Agriculture

November 9, 2023
to November 9, 2023

TERI with support of the Royal Norwegian Embassy has undertaken a study to understand synergies and trade-offs between sustainable agriculture and SDGs for informing policies at the national level. The study considers crop-based agriculture systems and related value chains broadly comprising of pre-production, production, and post-production stages.


Workshop on Traditional Knowledge for Sustainable Lifestyle held in Guwahati

May 20, 2024 |
June 10, 2024
Guwahati Plus

A workshop on Traditional Knowledge for a Sustainable Lifestyle was held on May 20 in Guwahati, organized by TERI-NERC, Guwahati. The event focused on promoting sustainable living through the application of traditional knowledge, drawing attention to the rich cultural heritage and biodiversity of Assam. Mr Pankaj Chakravarty, Joint Secretary of the Indigenous and Tribal Faith and Culture Department, and Director of the Directorate of Indigenous and Tribal Faith and Culture, Government of Assam, delivered the keynote address, outlining his department's mission and its partnership with TERI.

TERI gets nod to document Assam's unexplored traditional knowledge

May 21, 2024 |
May 21, 2024
The Times of India

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), in collaboration with The Directorate of Indigenous and Tribal Faith and Culture, has secured govt's approval to document the unexplored traditional knowledge (TK) of Assam. The objective is to identify and replicate the most efficient traditional techniques, methodologies and best practices to ensure their continuity and preservation. The collaboration aims to conduct documentation, assessment and protection of TK in Assam.

TERI, Chambal Launch 'Uttam Pranaam' Bio Nano Phosphorus Fertiliser

April 23, 2024 |
April 23, 2024

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Chambal Fertilisers and Chemicals Limited have launched 'Uttam Pranaam', a Bio nano Phosphorus fertiliser designed to bolster self-reliance in the Indian agricultural sector. This innovative solution aligns with the PM-PRANAM programme emphasis on nano-fertilisers, driving indigenous innovation and sustainability.

Climate change affecting crop output, productivity

April 17, 2024
| Dr Arvind Kapur
| The Hindu Business Line

With dwindling water resources, raising food output will be a challenge, says Dr Arvind Kapur, Distinguished Fellow, Sustainable Agriculture Division, TERI.

Pioneering Sustainable Agriculture for a Greener Tomorrow

March 20, 2024 |
March 27, 2024
Agriculture World

We need to keep pushing the boundaries and find solutions to arrest global warming. We must come up with innovative and smart solutions in the field of renewable energy, and agriculture, says Dr Vibha Dhawan, Director General, TERI.

Holistic Wellness Centre & Meghalaya Traditional Knowledge Portal launched

February 22, 2024 |
February 22, 2024
The Shillong Times

On February 22, 2024, a significant milestone was achieved in Meghalaya with the inauguration of the Holistic Wellness Centre and the launch of the Meghalaya Traditional Knowledge Portal. A Collaborative programme of Bio-Resource Development Centre, an autonomous R&D institution under Planning Department, Government of Meghalaya, The Energy and Resources Institute, New Delhi and the Meghalaya Basin Development Agency.


Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

August 4, 2021

The overall purpose of watershed programmes is to enhance incomes, provide food security through sustainable agriculture and prudent management of natural resources. This directly corresponds to SDG 1 and 2, i.e. No poverty and Zero Hunger respectively.

Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-based Agri-input and Food Products in India

August 6, 2020

Nanobiotechnology applications in food production and agriculture have a lot of potential. However, India did not have adequate guidelines to regulate the same. Until now.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support

Discussion Paper : Organic Agriculture: An option for fostering sustainable and inclusive agriculture development in India

June 2, 2015

Land scarcity, degraded ecosystems and climate change are pressures that the agriculture sector confronts in the 21st century whilst needing to meet demands for food, feed and fibre, preserve natural resources as well as ensure profitability, economic and social equity (FAO, 2015). Industrialized agriculture,1 which is capital intensive, substituting animal and human labour with machines and purchased inputs (IAASTD, 2009) has been the favoured model for agriculture development due to its tremendous success in increasing food production.

Strengthening Agricultural Biotechnology Regulation in India

September 22, 2010

The recent decision by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to place an indefinite moratorium on the release of Bt Brinjal for commercial agriculture has brought sharp focus on the stridently polarized views across the scientific community and civil society on the benefits and costs of genetically modified crops.


Technology for reclaming wastelands

We provide expertise in greening and reclamation of wasteland to turn it into green, productive land. We do this using a beneficial group of micro-organisms known as mycorrhizal fungi. Successful examples of sites reclaimed using this technology include fly ash overburdens, alkali chlor-laden sites, distillery effluent discharge sites, phosphogypsum ponds, coal mines, red mud, saline and arid sites.

Next generation technology to produce high-quality mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza is a biofertiliser that helps promote plant growth in an environment-friendly manner and provides several benefits during the plant cultivation stages. Our in-vitro mass production technology uses a sterile, contamination-free environment, to commerciallly produce this high-quality mycorrhiza, which is viable, healthy, and genetically pure. Our next generation technology for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is suitable for industries and requires less space for maximum recovery of propagules (up to 1000 billion propagules/annum).

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Distinguished Fellow, Sustainable Agriculture
Fellow and Area Convener, Nano Biotechnology Centre
Fellow and Area Convenor, Agricultural Biotechnology