The global population is expected to reach 10 billion by 2050, raising concerns about feeding these increasing numbers without further degrading the environment. Our work focuses on bringing sustainability in agricultural practices by developing plant and microbe derived products that reduce the use of chemical fertilisers while substantially improving crop yields. We are making strides in using nano biotechnology to develop a range of green products including nano-fertilisers, superfoods and algal based bioenergy. We demonstrate change by helping farming communities improve their livelihood through our products and practices.

agriculture narrative


  • Agricultura Coalition


    Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

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  • Mycorrhizal Research


    State of Science, Technology and Innovation Skills for Sustainability of India's Food and Land-use Systems

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  • cooling plants

    Recent Events

    Nanobiotechnology in natural food colours

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  • TERI and CFCL


    TERI and CFCL launch Mycorrhiza Product

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  • cooling plants


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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Nano steps towards Climate Smart Agriculture

Its deceptively small size is no measure of its impact. Nanotechnology may work at a small scale, but the minuscule size of nanomaterials belies their efficiency. Little wonder then that the technology is being increasingly applied in agriculture to enhance efficacy and, importantly, to shrink the adverse impact of conventional chemical fertilizers on the environment and health.

A comparative assessment of biomass pretreatment methods for the sustainable industrial upscaling of rice straw into cellulose

Source- Cellulose

Publisher- Springer Nature

Year- 18 March 2023


This paper gives a comprehensive characteristic comparison of cellulose-rich variants obtained from the rice straw using different pretreatment methods along with the preliminary cost analyses indicating their potential economic feasibility.

International Year of Millets

Renewed Focus on Nutrition Storehouse

The United Nations General Assembly at its 75th session in March 2021 declared 2023 the International Year of Millets (IYM 2023). In this article, Livleen K Kahlon says that with the UNGA declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets, there’s a renewed focus on these nutritious grains. This move will serve best in the interest of developing countries, where almost 97 per cent of global millet production happens. But, it is going to take a lot of effort to change the mindset and lifestyles of consumers towards a millet-positive diet.

India’s Women Farmers: The Unimagined Mass

India is known for its agricultural produce, but what we do not know, or perhaps tend to overlook, is the contribution of women in the growth of this sector. In this article, Himanshu Kumar and Vivek Kumar enlighten us about the role of women in the agriculture sector and some of the problems they face.

TERI and CFCL launch Mycorrhiza Product

Partnering with The Energy and Resources Institute's (TERI) SMART Agrisolutions, Chambal Fertilizers and Chemicals Limited (CFCL) launched their first Mycorrhiza Product in the Mycorrhiza category of biofertilizers. The Advanced Mycorrhizal Biofertilizer product has been named- “UTTAM SUPERRHIZA”.


Advanced nanomaterials for renewable energy

November 25, 2022
to November 25, 2022

On 25th November 2022 | 02:30 – 04:30 PM (IST)

Nanobiotechnology in natural food colours

October 20, 2022
to October 20, 2022

On 20th October 2022 | 02:00 PM - 04:00 PM


September 23, 2022
to September 23, 2022

On 23rd September 2022

The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) is organising a webinar on "Effects of Multiple Nanoparticles on Plants and Data from in-Vitro and in-Situ" on September 23, 2022 from 2.00 PM to 4.00 PM (IST).


May 18, 2022
to May 18, 2022

The Summer School will provide a series of lectures on nanofsafety challenges and enable a free exchange of ideas and sharing of experiences from experts in an interactive format.

Hands on Training Module - Quality Control of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Biofertilizers

March 3, 2022
to March 3, 2022

The in-person Instructor-Led Live Hands-on-Training will train students on Quality Control of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Biofertilizers


Punjab's crop diversification dilemma

July 14, 2023
| Mr Kartikey Sharma
| Dr Manish Anand
| The Hindu Business Line

Ecological farming. Cultivating bajra, maize and soyabean must be made economically attractive for Punjab farmers, says Mr Kartikey Sharma, Research Associate and Dr Manish Anand, Senior Fellow, Resource Efficiency and Governance Division, TERI.

TERI joins hands with Bennet and Bernard Group to promote Aquaculture

May 11, 2023 |
June 14, 2023
The Times of India

Harnessing the local human and natural resources for the greater good of the society is the need of the hour. This pact with Bennet and Bernard group is the perfect example of an alliance between the knowledge and application of technology with the organic habitat. We are hopeful that this collaboration will help in not only social but also economic development of the area, says Dr Fraddry D'souza, Area Convenor, Coastal Ecology and Marine Resources Centre, The Energy Resources Institute.

Enhancement of Conscious Consumerism

March 31, 2023
| Ms Mehak Kaur, Research student, TERI
| Dr Mayurika Goel
| TerraGreen Vol.12:49-50, March 2023 issue

The Natural Products Group at the Sustainable Agriculture Programme of TERI is working on red pigment production by naturally occurring coloured microbes for application in the textile industry. Creation of colours through fermentation of non-pathogenic fungi on agricultural waste-based media can be used to produce pigments with bioactivities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, anticancer and others in a sustainable way.

कुमाऊं वाणी कम्युनिटी रेडियो के माध्यम किसान कर रहे खेती, कृषि से जुड़ी समस्याएं हो रही कम

March 25, 2023 |
March 25, 2023
Krishi Jagran

Agriculture-related information is being given to the rural people through the Kumaon Vani Community Radio Station in Nainital, Uttarakhand, which benefits about 4 lakh people in the region. Mr Mohan Karki, Manager of Kumaon Vani radio Station says that being associated with the farmers, he goes to the villages and listens to their problems and goes to the scientists and agricultural experts of the concerned area to solve those problems and solves the problems of the farmers.

Govt to set up nursery in Goa to supply chonak seeds

January 30, 2023 |
January 30, 2023
The Times of India

The Goa government is set to establish a sea bass nursery for reliable seed supply to increase production of Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer), commonly called 'chonak' in the state at the cost of over Rs 1 crore. TERI said that chonak is commercially cultivated in both brackish water and freshwater ponds, as well as in cages in coastal waters. In consultation with Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK), directorate of agriculture (South Goa), TERI has selected Durga Farm, Chinchinim.

The GM mustard debate

December 7, 2022 |
December 7, 2022
The Indian Express

The govt, in advocating the use of GM mustard, has cited economic and food security arguments. Critics maintain the crop can cause lasting harm to environmental and human health. According to Dr Vibha Dhawan, Director General, TERI, there is a constant shifting of goalposts. A certain requirement is asked to be met, and when that is done, new demands are put forward. This is an endless cycle. The fact is that GM mustard, and GM technology in general, had been put through the most robust scientific scrutiny possible.


Food and Land Resources: Incorporating Watershed-Based Approaches for Better Sustainability-Productivity Balance

August 4, 2021

The overall purpose of watershed programmes is to enhance incomes, provide food security through sustainable agriculture and prudent management of natural resources. This directly corresponds to SDG 1 and 2, i.e. No poverty and Zero Hunger respectively.

Guidelines for Evaluation of Nano-based Agri-input and Food Products in India

August 6, 2020

Nanobiotechnology applications in food production and agriculture have a lot of potential. However, India did not have adequate guidelines to regulate the same. Until now.

Women in agriculture: Enhancing their role and promoting sustainability and livelihood support

May 26, 2020

The paper looks at enhancing the role of women in agriculture and allied activities and providing institutional support

Discussion Paper : Organic Agriculture: An option for fostering sustainable and inclusive agriculture development in India

June 2, 2015

Land scarcity, degraded ecosystems and climate change are pressures that the agriculture sector confronts in the 21st century whilst needing to meet demands for food, feed and fibre, preserve natural resources as well as ensure profitability, economic and social equity (FAO, 2015). Industrialized agriculture,1 which is capital intensive, substituting animal and human labour with machines and purchased inputs (IAASTD, 2009) has been the favoured model for agriculture development due to its tremendous success in increasing food production.

Strengthening Agricultural Biotechnology Regulation in India

September 22, 2010

The recent decision by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to place an indefinite moratorium on the release of Bt Brinjal for commercial agriculture has brought sharp focus on the stridently polarized views across the scientific community and civil society on the benefits and costs of genetically modified crops.


Technology for reclaming wastelands

We provide expertise in greening and reclamation of wasteland to turn it into green, productive land. We do this using a beneficial group of micro-organisms known as mycorrhizal fungi. Successful examples of sites reclaimed using this technology include fly ash overburdens, alkali chlor-laden sites, distillery effluent discharge sites, phosphogypsum ponds, coal mines, red mud, saline and arid sites.

Next generation technology to produce high-quality mycorrhiza

Mycorrhiza is a biofertiliser that helps promote plant growth in an environment-friendly manner and provides several benefits during the plant cultivation stages. Our in-vitro mass production technology uses a sterile, contamination-free environment, to commerciallly produce this high-quality mycorrhiza, which is viable, healthy, and genetically pure. Our next generation technology for arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi is suitable for industries and requires less space for maximum recovery of propagules (up to 1000 billion propagules/annum).

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Distinguished Fellow, Sustainable Agriculture
Fellow and Area Convener, Nano Biotechnology Centre