Research Papers

Discussion paper on India’s Journey to Net Zero: A Conceptual Framework for Analysis

Mr Ajay Shankar, Dr Sanchit S Agarwal, Ms Taruna Idnani
| 2024

At COP 28 in November 2023, the IPCC warned that with current policies, global warming was set to cross 3°C. At COP 26 held at Glasgow, Prime Minister also announced that India would become net zero by 2070. India's declaration to achieve net zero emissions by 2070 and updated NDCs to achieve fifty percent of its installed generation capacity from non-fossil sources and a 40-45% reduction in the by 2030 marks a momentous step in the global battle against climate change. This announcement signifies India's leadership in forging a low carbon economic development model.

Microwave assisted grafting kinetic of alginate/sericin with acrylic acid‑co‑acrylamide encapsulation of NPK fertilizer and assessment of release characteristics

Priya R Amutha , Roy Pratik , Sailaja R. R. N., Rangi Abhilasha , Sreenivasa T. , Naik Subhas V.
| 2024

In the present study grafted sericin/sodium alginate based encapsulated sustained release NPK fertilizer has been developed. Grafting of sericin/sodium alginate with acrylic acid-co-acrylamide has been performed by using microwave based grafting technique. The ratio of sodium alginate and sericin has been optimized for optimal release of NPK fertilizer, and it was found 0.7:0.3 ratio gives optimum release of encapsulated NPK fertilizer. The developed beads were characterized by studying bead size, encapsulation efficiency, swelling characteristics and cumulative release characteristics.

Silica nanobiocatalyst: Advancements toward sustainable and innovative applications

Jain Priyanshu , Minhas Amritpreet Kaur , Pawan Kaur, Manna Palash Kumar , Puri Munish , Barrow Colin J. , Mandal Shovon
| 2024

Nanobiocatalyst is a useful technological development that brings together modern nanotechnology and biotechnology and offers benefits for enhancing the activity, stability, and performance of enzymes in bioprocessing applications. Nanosupports used in nanocatalysts have a number of advantages over conventional materials, including a robust framework, tunable morphology, increased surface area, excellent pore geometry, inherent properties, and distinctive optical properties for the supporting matrix.

Silk Industry Waste Protein-Derived Sericin Hybrid Nanoflowers for Antibiotics Remediation via Circular Economy

Koshy Divya S. , Allardyce Benjamin J. , Dumée Ludovic F. , Sutti Alessandra , Rajkhowa Rangam , Agrawal Ruchi
| 2024

Hybrid protein−copper nanoflowers have emerged as promising materials with diverse applications in biocatalysis, biosensing, and bioremediation. Sericin, a waste biopolymer from the textile industry, has shown potential for fabricating such nanoflowers. However, the influence of the molecular weight of sericin on nanoflower morphology and peroxidase-like activity remains unexplored. This work focused on the self-assembly of nanoflowers using high- and low-molecular-weight (HMW and LMW) silk sericin combined with copper(II) as an inorganic moiety.

Application of microbial resources in biorefineries: Current trend and future prospects

Gaur Suchitra, Kaur Mehak, Kalra Rishu , Rene Eldon R., Goel Mayurika
| 2024

The recent growing interest in sustainable and alternative sources of energy and bio-based products has driven the paradigm shift to an integrated model termed “biorefinery.” Biorefinery framework implements the concepts of novel eco-technologies and eco-efficient processes for the sustainable production of energy and value-added biomolecules. The utilization of microbial resources for the production of various value-added products has been documented in the literatures.

Penicillium: A Treasure Trove for Antimycobacterial and Antioxidant Metabolites

Kaur Mehak , Peshwani Hishita , Goel Mayurika
| 2024

Penicillium, belonging to the phylum Ascomycota, is one of the most studied genera for its therapeutic properties. Based on ascocarps, it can be divided into two groups: Eupenicillium and Talaromyces. Bioactive secondary metabolites with antimicrobial, anticancer, antimycobacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, insecticidal, and biocontrol properties have been isolated from various species of this genus. The agricultural, biotechnological, and pharmaceutical applications of these metabolites are currently being investigated.

Seed treatment with biopolymers for alleviation of abiotic stresses in plants

Sharma Neha, Kaur Prabhpreet, Agrawal Ruchi
| 2024

Seed germination is the most fundamental and crucial physiological phenomenon in the plant lifecycle, which often falls victim to external stress conditions. This causes inconsistent germination rate and crop stand which ultimately lowers the overall crop yield. One of the most promising approaches to getting favorable crop production is seed priming. These techniques have remarkable outcomes on germination processes and even during later stages of seedling emergence, crop growth, and productivity under drought and saline conditions.

Development of stimuli-responsive nano-based formulations as an opportunity for crop stress management

Sharma Neha, Kaur Prabhpreet, Benjamin Allardyce James , Rajkhowa Rangam, Agrawal Ruchi
| 2024

Currently, the challenges associated with agriculture are to limit the extensive utilization of agrochemicals, including herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides. Agrochemicals harm the environment and society and can induce resistance in target micro-organisms. To overcome such issues, controlled-release nano-based formulations can be implemented. Numerous advantages of controlled release systems include the reduction of leaching losses, volatilization, drift, and soil degradation.

Spirulina in fish immunity development: find the black box

Mandal Shovon, ​Rana Masud, Kabita S.K
| 2024

In aquaculture studies, Spirulina can be used to replace fish meal in aquafeed to lower the cost of producing fish feed while adding therapeutic and health benefits. Proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, pigments, and fatty acids from Spirulina could enhance the cellular and humoral immunities of a variety of fish species.

Impact of Biodiesel Blending on Indian Oil Market by 2030

Jamal Faiz
| 2024

In the recent years, India’s demand for fuel and petroleum products has increased rapidly, leading to 87.3% reliance on imported crude in 2022-23, up from 85.5% in 2021-22 (PPAC, 2023). This further indicates the need for increased investment in domestic oil production alternatives to enhance energy security and reduce import dependence. As the nation seeks to transition towards a greener future, the adoption of biodiesel presents a promising area to reduce emissions and foster sustainable growth in the transport sector.