Our work in the transport sector aims at low-carbon modes of transport that are sustainable and inclusive in nature. We have pioneered policy research in this sector with expertise in issues related to energy efficiency and emissions modeling. Among others, our focus areas include electric vehicles, railways, urban transport.



  • water security

    Project Report

    Freight Greenhouse Gas Calculator

    Read More
  • oilzapper


    COVID-19 lockdown: Impacts on the auto-rickshaw community

    Read more
  • low carbon

    Project Report

    Roadmap for Electrification of Urban Freight in India

    Read More
  • transport video


    Don't miss the bus: Providing sustainable mobility for urban India

    Read More
    indian railways


    Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

    Read More



Truck on Train: Finding a Win-Win Solution

Ms Palak Passi

Trucks have gradually become a dominant mode of freight transport, replacing the railway, the traditional bulk commodity carrier. Crisscrossing through the country, trucks are responsible for nearly 40 percent of carbon emissions and air pollution in the urban areas.[1]

Readiness and Capacity Needs Assessment for Electric Vehicle Adoption in Indian Cities

Global dependence on fossil fuels in the transport sector has been a key driver of climate change and air pollution. In India, motorized transport accounts for a large share of the country’s total GHG emissions. Therefore, the swift replacement of internal combustion engines (ICE Vehicles) with Electric Vehicles (EVs) is imperative to decarbonize India’s transport sector.

Road to contain climate change

Mr S Sundar
Mr Sharif Qamar

Roads and railways bind a nation and bring people together. They facilitate the achievement of SDGs, as without adequate mobility, SDGs cannot be achieved and sustained.

What would make Indians buy EVs? Our survey has some answers

Mr Parmeet Singh

TERI's survey on consumer perception of electric vehicles (EVs) revealed that issues like upfront cost, battery replacement, and range anxiety are topmost concerns for people considering buying an EV.

Future of electric auto-rickshaws in India

Mr Shri Prakash

In the post-COVID scenario, the predicted demand of the three-wheeler sector might increase and a shift of commuters from app-based taxies may be expected. To promote electric mobility in India, auto-rickshaws can play a vital role as frontrunners.


Zero-emission Truck and Bus Showcase

July 19, 2023
to July 22, 2023

July 19 – 22, 2023

Opportunity for Low-Emission transportation in South Asia, Pacific & African regions

July 29, 2022
to July 29, 2022

On 29th July 2022 | 09:30 AM - 10:30 AM

Webinar on Decarbonising Road transport sector in India- Policy and technology options

March 11, 2022
to March 11, 2022

The event will see experts across sectors discuss the opportunities & need to shift the road transport sector to decarbonisation pathways along with the launch of a policy brief on 'Low Carbon Pathways for the Road Transport Sector in India'.

National Conference on COP26 Charter of Actions

October 13, 2021
to October 13, 2021

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim to mobilize the action on mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and strengthen the narrative for better alignment with sustainable development goals (SDGs).

COP26 Charter of Actions: Virtual Stakeholder Roundtable on Sustainable Mobility

August 31, 2021
to August 31, 2021

Accelerating economic growth along with equitable recovery is fundamental to sustainable development and climate action. Under the presidency of United Kingdom in partnership with Italy, the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP26), to be held from 1–12 November 2021 in Glasgow will aim at mobilising action on climate change mitigation, adaptation, and resilience, and aligning them with sustainable development goals.


Taming the Behemoth: The need for a regulator for Indian Railways

September 21, 2023
| Dr Rahul Chakraborty and Shri Prakash
| The Financial Express

With movement of newer types and greater volume of goods in future, as envisioned by the National Rail Plan, an independent regulator is imperative for PPP development and attracting private capital says Dr Rahul Chakraborty, Associate Fellow and Shri Prakash, Distinguished Fellow, Transport and Urban Governance, TERI.

Rail freight policy needs overhaul

September 13, 2023
| Rahul Chakraborty and Mr Shri Prakash
| The Hindu Business Line

For achieving a reasonable 45 per cent market share in the next 7-8 years, the Railways will have to log a CAGR of over 11 per cent in freight-loading. This will be possible only by launching aggressive marketing and competitive pricing policies along with the on-going capacity expansion programme.

Electric Vehicles in India: Tackling the challenges

September 9, 2023 |
September 9, 2023
The Financial Express

The pace of electrification has increased significantly in the last few years. We are looking at a second consecutive year when the EV sales will clock the one million-plus mark. Some of the recurring challenges include low penetration and up-time of charging infrastructure and higher upfront cost of EVs said Mr Sharif Qamar, Associate Director, Transport and Urban Governance Division, TERI.

G20 nations must act fast to reduce carbon emissions

September 6, 2023
| Mr Ajay Shankar
| The Tribune

A complete switchover to electric vehicles and carbon-free electricity would reduce carbon emissions by over 55 per cent says Mr Ajay Shankar, Distinguished Fellow, TERI.

DMRC to make passengers aware about CO2 emissions reduction due to Metro travel

August 10, 2023 |
August 10, 2023
The Economic Times

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has launched a "CarbonLite Metro Travel" initiative for passengers to know how much carbon emissions they have saved while using the metro instead of petrol-fueled cars. "CarbonLite Metro Travel" was supported by research from the Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), Delhi, that each kilometer travelled by metro train instead of road vehicles "results in a noteworthy reduction of 32.38 grams of CO2 emissions".

Rail route to Net Zero

August 8, 2023
| Mr Shri Prakash
| Mr Sharif Qamar
| The Hindu Business Line

Indian Railways is making efforts towards low-carbon transport in passenger and freight segments.


Fuel Efficiency Improvement and Emission Standards in Road Transport

August 18, 2023

India’s rapid urbanization and economic growth has accelerated both passenger and freight transport demands, which have led to the need for prioritizing adoption of low carbon technologies, also strengthening the country’s energy security.

Accelerating Biodiesel Blending in India

August 18, 2023

India’s dependency on imported fossil fuels is mounting incessantly. The petroleum products consumption in the country has increased about 38.2% from the past decade, resulting in a substantial expenditure on oil imports.

An Assessment of Avoided CO2 Emissions during Construction, Maintenance and Operation of National Highways

February 22, 2023

India has the 2nd largest road network in the world. Amongst the different types of roads, the National Highways extending to 1,44,634 km has contributed significantly to India’s rapid economic development. The rapid pace of construction of highways is enabling integration of the local economies of far flung towns and villages into the national economy.

Battery Electric Technology In The Heavy-Duty Vehicle Segment

July 8, 2022

70% of total tonne-km of India's freight transport takes place via roads (TERI, 2015) and is dominated by medium and heavy-duty vehicles (MHDVs) with a share of around 60% and the remaining by light-duty vehicles (LDVs). Reduced emission levels from 'hard to abate' sectors such as medium/heavy-duty long-distance transport, aviation, and shipping will continue to be critical in the future. Sustained efforts in this direction are crucial to achieving emission intensity reduction targets globally and in India, as outlined in the country's Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Senior Director, Sustainable Habitat
Distinguished Fellow, Transport & Urban Governance
Distinguished Fellow, Transport & Urban Governance
Associate Director, Transport and Urban Governance
Area Convenor, Transport and Urban Governance