In the post-Paris agreement era, accelerating climate action is the biggest hope to ensure a safe future for all. In India, our work focuses on climate modelling to develop a better understanding of climate variability at regional scales. We study the risks and vulnerabilities of key sectors such as water, health, agriculture and industry. Our work in climate science is inextricably linked to policy research and recommendations for the Indian government to shape its domestic policies, as well as contribute to its position in global negotiations. Through a number of initiatives, we are beginning to extend our knowledge and research in climate science and policy to other emerging economies.



  • Financing


    Financing Low Carbon Transition in India's MSME Sector

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    HFCs – Enabling efficient refrigerant transitions

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  • climate change video


    A primer on climate change, its impacts, actions and assessments

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  • climate

    Policy Brief

    Mobile Air Conditioning (MAC): A technology landscape, challenges and opportunities for sustainable cooling

    Read more
  • Adaptation future


    Locked houses, Fallow lands: Climate Change and Migration in Uttarakhand, India

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Brahmapuram Landfill Fire: Points towards the Need for Decentralized Waste Management

In this article, Sharada Balasubramanian highlights that a series of flames have been breaking out, year after year, at the Brahmapuram landfill in Kerala. Yet, it was not taken seriously. This year, the massive uncontrollable fire breakout urged the Kochi Corporation to take serious steps to resolve this issue as it impacted the health of people and the environment. Brahmapuram is the only landfill that is a bone of contention in Kerala, where solid waste management, otherwise is decentralized and systematic.

Mainstreaming Climate-Resilient Water and Sanitation Infrastructure For Long Lasting Impacts

Ms Manisha Jain

In this article, Manisha Jain and Dr Kriti Akansha highlight that it is necessary to support long-term thinking, transformation, flexibility and innovation while taking the associated climate risks into consideration to attain climate resilience. There is a need for a robust framework that ensures climate policies are integrated into all sectors and that planning, implementation, and evaluation are strictly followed.

Climate Actions for Businesses

How Big Should These Be?

When we talk and act on climate action and the energy transition in emerging economies, the discussion can range from topics such as climate mitigation, adaptation, energy transition, financing, and business model innovation to next-generation technologies.

COP27: Climate Chaos and Warfare for People and the Planet

COP27 took place in November 2022 in the Egyptian coastal city of Sharm el-Sheikh. The Conference concluded with a historic decision to establish and operationalize a loss and damage fund. Dr Anil Pratap Singh takes us through the highlights of this important climate conference and concludes that at COP27, unrelenting deliberations took place on setting the needs and priorities of the Parties; thereby resolute implementation plans for the future were developed during the deliberations.

India-EU Track-II Dialogue First high-level meeting of the Finance Working Group

The first high-level meeting of the India-EU Track II dialogue on Finance Working Group jointly curated by TERI, Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) along with the European Climate Foundation (ECF) took place successfully on December 16th, 2021. The meeting was attended by over 10 experts representing leading think tanks, industry and academia from India and the EU, who have been instrumental in driving climate action in both regions.


WasteMAP Workshop on 'Key Strategies for Organic Waste Management'

August 23, 2023
to August 24, 2023

TERI Gram Retreat Centre in Gwal Pahari on August 23rd-24th, 2023

Generation Green: Promoting Sustainable Lifestyles for Youth, by Youth

July 26, 2023
to July 26, 2023

The in-person session will see youth interact with H.E. Mr. Virginijus Sinkeviius on the importance of promoting sustainable lifestyles to accelerate climate action

July 26, 2023 | New Delhi | RSVP: By invite only

Panel Discussion on "An Economy-wide Quantified Goal on Energy Efficiency in India"

July 19, 2023
to July 19, 2023

July 19th 2023, from 1645 – 1800 hrs at Salao 2, The Grand Hyatt, Goa

Implementation of Low Carbon Intensive District Cooling in Developing Countries: Learnings from India Cooling Action Plan

July 5, 2023
to July 5, 2023

Implementation of Low Carbon Intensive District Cooling in Developing Countries: Learnings from India Cooling Action Plan"

July 5, 2023; 18:00-20:00; Room Asia Pacific Foyer, UN-ESCAP, Bangkok, Thailand


June 16, 2023
to June 16, 2023

Register here:


Culture of democracy

September 18, 2023
| Mr Nitin Desai
| Business Standard

Courtesy in political dialogue and tolerance of policy dissent are a central requirement of democracy says Mr Nitin Desai, Chairman, TERI.

How Delhi Declaration feeds into COP28 goals

September 11, 2023 |
September 11, 2023
The Hindustan Times

The Delhi declaration commits countries to achieve global net zero emissions by mid-century. Hopefully the advanced economies will recognise that they need to achieve this milestone well before 2050 said Mr Manjeev Singh Puri, Distinguished Fellow, Earth Science and Climate Change, TERI and Mr RR Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow and Programme Director, Earth Science and Climate Change, TERI said that the G20 declaration reflects a progressive yet balanced approach.

G20 climate deal: Experts laud India’s balancing act in the face of fossil fuel debate

September 11, 2023 |
September 11, 2023
The Print

India will be happy with the global target of tripling of renewable energy capacity because it has already taken steps in this direction. Transition away from coal is possible only if RE is scaled up. India will also be pleased with the emphasis on energy efficiency, as it means financing can be directed towards these specific targets said Mr RR Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow and Programme Director, Resource Efficiency and Governance Division, TERI.

All-of-society approach needed make progress towards Paris Agreement goals: UN Global Stocktake report

September 9, 2023 |
September 9, 2023
News 9 live

The report is right in saying that there is a need to raise ambition and that much more action, on all fronts and by all actors, is needed to meet the long-term goals of the Paris Agreement said Mr RR Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow and Programme Director, Resource Efficiency and Governance Division, TERI.

Promoting sustainable lifestyles: Metrics, instruments and proposals for G20

September 7, 2023 |
September 7, 2023
The Hindustan Times

The policy brief uses a composite index and indices on consumption developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in India, to assess the state of lifestyles and consumption in G20 countries and the European Union (EU); these consumption sectors include food, transport, and residential and waste management. The G20 can play a crucial role in promoting norms on sustainable lifestyles as well as informing actions by the use of evidence and exchange of good practices.

High hopes for climate and energy outcomes at G20 Summit as India takes lead

September 7, 2023 |
September 7, 2023
Deccan Herald

Despite India's push on the issue of fossil fuels it is unlikely there will be any language additional to what was agreed in Bali due to lack of global advancement and concrete action, on technology, hydrogen, blue economy, and circular economy said Mr RR Rashmi, Distinguished Fellow and Programme Director, Resource Efficiency & Governance Division, TERI.


Oceans-Climate Interface: Implications For Global Commons Based Climate Action

January 3, 2023

The High Seas or the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), are a global common, which covers about two-thirds of the ocean surface and more than 90% of its volume and contains rich biodiversity of marine life. Oceans are the largest known carbon sink in the world.

Internationalizing Lifestyles For Environment: Messages For G20

January 3, 2023

Sustainable consumption and lifestyles must be seen from the perspective of resource value chains that include resource extraction, manufacturing, processing, use by consumer, and disposal. Mainstream frameworks on sustainable consumption and production focus more on upstream and mid-stream components, such as resource efficiency and circular economy.

Road to Sharm El-Sheikh: Towards Equity and Climate Justice

November 7, 2022

Egypt will host the 27th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC (COP27) in Sharm El-Sheikh from 6th -18th November 2022. The COP27 Presidency lays out the vision for inclusive, rules-based, ambitious, substantive outcomes, commensurate with the challenges based on science and guided by principles building on agreements, decisions, pledges, and commitments from Rio 1992 to Glasgow 2021.

Joint Crediting Mechanism and Article 6 of the Paris Agreement: Strengthening Japan-India Technology Collaboration

July 1, 2022

Under the ambit of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, this issue brief explores the potential of a Japan –India partnership and examines the opportunities for shaping mutual ties through the Joint Crediting Mechanism.

Transitioning to a Low Carbon Technology for the Road Transport in India

March 14, 2022

India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions. At present, India accounts for a significant multimodal road transport sector contributing approximately 10 per cent of country’s total CO2 emissions, making it the second most carbon emitting sector in the country. Driven by rising population, income, and urbanization, under a business-as-usual scenario, India’s energy demand from transport is projected to increase six fold in 2050 from current levels.

Super Efficient AC Deployment: Opportunities through business models in India

February 13, 2021

The policy brief aims to analyse the bulk procurement program for Super-Efficient Air Conditioners which includes key business strategies and technical criteria. The paper further analyses the existing framework of the model and elucidates key takeaways for impact enhancement. It explores various international models available in the cooling sector to recognize their applicability in the Indian context to promote low GWP refrigerant based energy-efficient air conditioners.


Climate change risk assessment

We generate climate projections at global and regional scales and impacts, vulnerability and adaptation assessments in key sectors using established models and our in-house super-computing facility. We also conducts GHG inventorization and mitigation analysis. We provide national and international policy analysis and review, and contribute to key issues in negotiations encompassing adaptation, mitigation, technology, and finance.

Director, Earth Science and Climate Change
Area Convenor, Center for Climate Change Research
Area Convenor, Centre for Climate Modelling.