Resource Efficiency & Security

Unsustainable consumption of resources is at the heart of the crisis of environmental degradation. Our work focuses on understanding the future demand for resources and promoting pathways for resource efficiency, waste management and circular economy. Our integrated modelling and analysis has contributed to shaping and influencing India’s policies on energy, environment and climate change. All our efforts continue to inform policy makers about solutions which need to be scaled up to decouple economic growth from environmental impacts.



  • India resource efficiency policy


    Comparative LCA Between Powertrain Components of ICE Vehicles Versus EVs

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  • India resource efficiency policy


    India-Australia Research Collaboration on reducing Plastic Waste

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  • Resources

    Press Release

    Correlating simulators-based training in the armed forces with its positive environmental impacts is a novel approach, notes Maj Gen CS Mann, VSM, ADG, Army Design Bureau

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    Preparing End-of-Life Disposal Protocol for Woven Jute / Polypropylene Bagsn

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  • plastic Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices


    Establishing Energy Data Management Unit (EDMU)

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Bioplastics - A Sustainable Solution to our Plastic Waste Problem

Mr Shreyas Joshi

Environmental pollution due to commercial plastic waste mismanagement has been compounding, making it crucial to find an alternative. The article highlights TERI's bioplastic research and how bio and bio-based plastics could act as a sustainable alternative to conventional plastics.

Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: Finding Value in 'Waste'

Mr Shreyas Joshi

Plastic waste often possesses significant untapped value which when regenerated through circular economy principles can help minimise its environmental impact. This second article in series discusses the key objectives and actions offered by TERI's roadmap to show the environmental action value of plastics

Refurbishing Plastic for Climate Action: The First Steps

Mr Shreyas Joshi

In view of the growing plastic waste crisis and India's commitment to lower the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030, the article discusses TERI's roadmap for bringing resource efficiency and circularity to the plastic value chain in India

Blue economy: An ocean of livelihood opportunities in India

Ms Mani Juneja

Blue economy for India means a number of economic opportunities related to ocean and marine ecosystems, playing an important role in generating and sustaining livelihoods

The need for re-strategising climate policies in the new-normal scenario

Dr Ria Sinha
Ms Swati Ganeshan

The authors take a brief look at the present status of India's climate commitments, the implications of these recovery packages in the post COVID-19 crises, and the road ahead for clean and green development.

The equilibrium of attention: Will the supply chain provide impetus to achieving sustainability?

Mr Arupendra Nath Mullick
Ms Pooja Kumar

Will India's push for resource efficiency and circular economy also resonate among sustainability stakeholders in Indian industries


Accelerating Sustainable Training in the Armed Forces: A Simulator-Based Approach

June 5, 2023
to June 5, 2023

5 June 2023 | (10:30 AM - 01:00 PM IST)

2nd Development Working Group Meeting, Side Event

April 6, 2023
to April 6, 2023

6 April 2023 | 1:45 PM – 5:00 PM (IST)

Circular Economy: The Path to a Sustainable Lifestyle

January 19, 2023
to January 19, 2023

Circular Economy: Eco Design and Eco Labelling- Role of Standards & Policy in India and the EU

December 2, 2022
to December 2, 2022

On 2nd December 2022 | 14:30 – 19:00 Hrs. (IST) / 10:00 – 14:30 Hrs. (CET)

Just Transition – Planning For A Post Coal Future

June 24, 2021
to June 24, 2021

The event will include a panel discussion and the launch of two working papers prepared by TERI on Just Transition


Samosa: A tasty metaphor for India’s circular bio economy revolution

August 22, 2023
| Ms Mandavi Singh; Ms Trinayana Kaushik
| The Financial Express

When it comes to India, environmental concerns have been deeply ingrained in its culture for centuries. Indian culture has long emphasized the interdependence between humans and nature, recognizing the importance of maintaining a harmonious relationship with the environment says Ms Mandavi Singh, Research Associate and Ms Trinayana Kaushik, Research Associate and Area Convenor, Resource Efficiency and Governance Division, TERI.

Shri Bhupender Yadav says that under India’s G20 Presidency, the concept of ‘Green Growth’ being a priority area validates how sustainable development has been mainstreamed in Indian policy making process through a visionary approach

February 22, 2023 |
February 22, 2023
Press Information Bureau (PIB)

Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Shri Bhupender Yadav, delivered the keynote address on Visionary Leadership for Mainstreaming Sustainable Development and Climate Resilience at the inaugural session of the World Sustainable Development Summit 2023 held in New Delhi. In his speech, Shri Yadav said that combating Climate Change, Biodiversity loss and land degradation transcends all political boundaries and hence is a shared global challenge. 

SPMCIL signs MoU with TERI under CSR initiatives

February 15, 2023 |
February 15, 2023
Press Information Bureau

The Security Printing and Minting Corporation of India Limited (SPMCIL) and TERI signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 14 February 2023 at the SPMCIL Corporate Office. The MoU, with an estimated cost of Rs 525.49 lakh, is for the integrated development of village for Social Development – Model Village - Siroliya, District - Dewas, Madhya Pradesh under CSR initiatives of SPMCIL.

Green Budgeting: The Road to be Taken

January 4, 2023 |
January 4, 2023
Delhi Post

Green budgeting is a policy innovation that can be implemented at the national and state levels. TERI, New Delhi, has created a portal on green budgeting to act as a knowledge resource for government officials, research institutions, and civil society. Dr Shailly Kedia, Senior Fellow and Associate Director, TERI, has outlined six pillars of green budgeting: mainstreaming; resource allocation; planning, coordination and innovations; transparency and accountability; evaluation and monitoring; and policy signals.

Why impact investing in social enterprises is the way forward for sustainable businesses

November 25, 2022
| Mr Souvik Bhattacharjya, TERI; Ms Mahima Mall, TERI School of Advanced Studies
| ETEnergyworld

Impact investing in the social enterprises sector pursues the dual aims of providing net positive financial returns along with creating socio-economic value for the marginalized, and provides the promise of a future for sustainable businesses.

Personal, passenger and heavy vehicle segments need distinct strategies for energy transition

October 13, 2022
| Mr Saswata Chaudhury, TERI and Mr Arijit Das, India Development Foundation
| Mongabay India

All modes of transportation (maybe other than air) should, given the current scenario, converge to hydrogen-fuelled vehicles in the long-term. Given the resource and technology constraints, as a short to medium-term solution, hybrid CNG cars may be preferred over EVs for the personal vehicle segment, while hydrogen-fuelled vehicles could be adopted for heavy and passenger vehicles (buses).


Working Paper on 'Harnessing opportunities for a Just Transition in India'

June 24, 2021

Just Transition needs to consider a broad range of social and economic sectors, geographic locations, diverse stakeholders and time horizons

Working Paper on 'Assessing vulnerability from coal dependence and need for a Just Transition'

June 24, 2021

The paper examines the linkages surrounding the Indian coal economy and the potential fallout in terms of eventual phasing out of coal

Contextualising Blue Economy in Asia-Pacific region

March 22, 2021

The share of Blue Economy in the GDP of Asia-Pacific countries goes up to as high as 87% in some island nations in the region

G20 Circular Carbon Economy: Fostering Circularity in Plastics

October 27, 2020

Fostering circularity in plastic use is an effective way to reduce contamination of marine and coastal environments with plastics and man-made debris. However, there are many challenges down this path.

भारत में गवेषण एवं खनन: गहन खोज का समय

September 14, 2020

भारत में खनिजों के लिए सर्वाधिक भू-वैज्ञानिक संभावनाएं हैं। ऊपरी सतह अथवा उससे कुछ नीचे स्थित अधिकांश खनिज खोजे जा चुके हैं और गहराई में छिपे हुए खनिज निक्षेपण के लिए एक गहन खोज की आवश्यकता है। इसका अभिप्राय है नवीनतम प्रौद्योकियों के द्वारा सतत आधार पर गवेषण किए जाएं।

Strategy for fostering Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy in Goa

July 14, 2020

The strategy paper for Goa presents an overall state-level action plan to mainstream resource efficiency and circular economy and foster sustainable management of resources in the state.


Policy research on the role of resources in national and global sustainable development

We study the economics of natural resource use, and its interface with development, use modelling frameworks and decision support systems for sustainable management of natural resources. We analyse markets (design, regulation, and behaviour of the agents) to suggest policy, structural, institutional, and legislative changes for promoting efficient and competitive markets.

Multidisciplinary research and policy advice

We perform inter-disciplinary policy research using latest science and technology developments for policy makers, regulators, and concerned stakeholders in areas of regulatory reforms in physical infrastructure sectors like energy, transport, water, and others through research, support, capacity building, awareness programmes, and handholding. Our policy advice is aimed at local and global environmental challenges to trade, investment, resource development.

Distinguished Fellow, Resource Efficiency & Governance
Associate Director, Resource Efficiency & Governance
Area Convenor, Centre for Resource Efficiency & Governance