From Planning to Action: Rethinking the Role of Cities in Accelerating Net-Zero Transitions

Seth Sanjay ,Srivastava Rhea ,Osho Zerin ,Harper Sarah

Cities are responsible for over 70 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions and 75 percent of primary energy consumption. By 2050, over two-thirds of the world population will live in cities, resulting in even greater infrastructure needs and increased carbon emissions. Yet, cities largely remain on the side-lines in the design of national and international green transition policies. Cities can combine policy, practice, and participation by leveraging innovation, technology, and partnerships while transforming local governance models. There is a need for the G20 leaders to recognise and support the role of cities in accelerating climate action towards net-zero and limiting warming to 1.5 °C. This Policy Brief suggests policy recommendations informed by current trends, Urban20 (U20) engagement group priorities, and previous communications by G20 countries to address the barriers that cities face in implementing effective climate action towards net-zero. These recommendations emphasise on themes around empowering cities; building technical, institutional and financial capacities of cities; facilitating climate finance; and enabling multi-stakeholder participation for achieving integrated urban climate action.

Net-Zero Transitions
Carbon Emission
Climate change
Urban 20
Energy efficiency