Research Papers

Elite hairy roots of Ocimum basilicum as a new source of rosmarinic acid and antioxidants

Srivastava Shivani, Conlan Xavier A, Adholeya Alok, Cahill David M.
| 2016

This study reports Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation of three cultivars of Ocimum basilicum for hairy root establishment, screening and selection for the production of rosmarinic acid and antioxidants. Hairy root development was found to be explant-specific and virulence-dependent. Distinct inter-cultivar morphological variability was found between the seven axenically developed hairy root lines and morphological traits were found to be correlated with the presence of aux2 genes, their expression and endogenous IAA content.

Economic Modeling, Analysis, and Policy for Sustainability

Goswami A, Mishra A (ed)
| 2016

As the global economy continues to grow and change, issues concerning sustainability practices have become more prevalent. The implementation of efficient sustainability procedures offers significant assistance in the development of modern economies. Economic Modeling, Analysis, and Policy for Sustainability focuses on interdisciplinary perspectives concerning the social, environmental, and economic spheres of sustainability science.

Comparison of Spatial Interpolation Methods for Mapping Rainfall in Indian Himalayas of Uttarakhand Region

Kumari Madhuri, Basisth Ashoke, Bakimchandra Oinam, Singh C K
| 2016

Reliable estimation of rainfall distribution in mountainous regions poses a great challenge not only due to complex relationships between irregular topography and precipitation, but also due to non-availability of abundant rainfall measurement points. This study presents a comparison of univariate and multivariate methods for spatial interpolation of rainfall in complex terrain of Indian Himalayas in Uttarakhand region.

Comparative study of dielectric and mechanical properties of HDPE-MWCNT-SiO2 nanocomposites

T A Praveen, Rajan J Sundara, R R N Sailaja
| 2016

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT?s) and Nano-Silicon dioxide (SiO2) reinforced HDPE composites have been developed. The MWCNT and Nano- SiO2 filler content was varied up to 5 wt% in HDPE with the addition of Polyethylene grafted glycidyl methacrylate compatibilizer and 3-aminopropyl triethoxy silane coupling agent. The dielectric and mechanical properties of the HPDE nanocomposites have been investigated in this study. Addition of MWCNT and Nano-SiO2 are observed to enhance the tensile strength and modulus of the nano-composites.

Communities and Sustainable Practices: Lessons from the Traditional Fisher Communities

Yatish Lele, Parasnis Anjali
| 2016

Traditional fishing communities have always relied on set of codes and practices, developed over ages. Although the penetration of modernized fishing techniques has helped increase the income, it has also led to overexploitation. This paper is about the sustainable practices followed by the traditional fishers in India which ensures environmental sustainability. The possibility of these practices getting merged with the current practices and policies to achieve sustainability is discussed.

Assessment of Biomass Potential and Current Status of Bio-fuels and Bioenergy Production in India

Joshi Piyush, Sharma Neeta, Sarma Priyangshu Manab
| 2016

There is the growing demand for biofuel and bio based energy due to the depletion of the conventional fossil based resources. Thus, the estimation of the current resources of these alternatives and their future availability become imperative to maintain a sustainable supply in the future. The information presented in this study was collected through an intensive search and consultation of existing databases, which was thereafter corroborated by coordinating with authenticated sources of several national and state level departments, universities, institutes and agencies.

Aquatic plant Azolla as the universalfeedstock for biofuel production

Miranda Ana F, Biswas Bijoy, Ramkumar Narasimhan, Singh Rawel,Kumar Jitendra,James Anton, Roddick Felicity, Lal Banwari, Subudhi Sanjukta, Bhaskar Thallada, Mouradov Aidyn
| 2016

The quest for sustainable production of renewable and cheap biofuels has triggered an intensive search for domestication of the next generation of bioenergy crops. Aquatic plants which can rapidly colonize wetlands are attracting attention because of their ability to grow in waste waters and produce large amounts of biomass. Representatives of Azolla species are some of the fastest growing plants, producing substantial biomass when growing in contaminated water and natural ecosystems.

Approaches to low carbon development in China and India

Kedia Shailly
| 2016

Low carbon development has gained policy prominence and is a concern of both environment and development policy globally and in China and India. This paper discusses the role of China and India as important global actors in light of development imperatives in the two countries. The article then looks at emerging approaches in the two countries related to financing, science, technology & innovation policy, and sub-national actions. The objective is to review efforts in China and India for contributing to learning experiences for other countries.

An overview on emerging bioelectrochemical systems (BESs): Technology for sustainable electricity, waste remediation, resource recovery, chemical production and beyond.

Bajracharya Suman, Sharma Mohita, Mohanakrishna Gunda, Dominguez Benneton Xochitl, Strik avid PBTB, Sarma Priyangshu, Pant Deepak
| 2016

Bioelectrochemical systems (BESs) are unique systems capable of converting chemical energy into electrical energy (and vice-versa) while employing microbes as catalysts. Such organic wastes including low-strength wastewaters and lignocellulosic biomass were converted into electricity with microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Likewise, electrical energy was used to produce hydrogen in microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) or other products including caustic and peroxide. BES were also designed to recover nutrients, metals or removal of recalcitrant compounds.

Agricultural Trade in South Asia: How important are the Trade Barriers?

Nanda Nitiya
| 2016

Greater intra-regional trade in agricultural goods by reducing tariff and non-tariff barriers is often considered to be a good way of promoting rural development and improving food security in South Asia. Openness to trade of agricultural sector varies across South Asian countries, yet agricultural trade plays a crucial role as, in many countries, its share in exports is reasonably high, apart from the fact that most of them are net food-importing countries.