Discussion Paper

Challenges and opportunities - plastic waste management In India With MOEFCC and UNEP, TERI releases discussion paper on the state of plastic waste management in India.

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Policy Brief

Understanding vulnerabilities using a hotspot approach Study shows higher temperature increase in India's mountains affects agriculture, water resources and the millions of people living in the mountains and its foothills

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Article

Consumer is king in ensuring resource efficiency in India A panel discussion on Enabling Ecosystem for Sustainable Choices and Consumer Engagement

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Publications

Degradation of chlorpyrifos in tropical rice soils

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Chlorpyrifos [O,O-diethyl O-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol) phosphorothioate] is used worldwide as an agricultural insecticide against a broad spectrum of insect pests of economically important crops including rice, and soil application to control termites. The insecticide mostly undergoes hydrolysis to diethyl thiophosphoric acid (DETP) and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP), and negligible amounts of other intermediate products.

Covalently Immobilized Laccase for Decolourization of Glucose-Glycine Maillard Products as Colourant of Distillery Wastewater

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Maillard reaction products like melanoidins are recalcitrant, high-molecular-weight compounds responsible for colour in sugarcane molasses distillery wastewater. Conventional biological treatment is unable to break down melanoidins, but extracellular laccase and manganese peroxidase of microbial origin can degrade these complex molecules. In this work, laccase was covalently immobilized on alumina pellets activated with aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES). The immobilization yield was 50–60 %, and the enzyme activity (886 U/L) was 5-fold higher compared to the soluble enzyme (176 U/L).

As Green Delhi Turns Grey

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

The joint study by economists from the University of Chicago, Harvard,and Yale (Michael Greenstone et al, “Lower Pollution, Longer Lives: Life Expectancy Gains if India Reduced Particulate Matter Pollution,” EPW, 21 February 2015) has reignited the debate on the issue of unsustainable air pollution in Indian cities, particularly Delhi.

Assessing the lignocellulosic biomass resources potential in developing countries: A critical review

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

This review paper analyses the potential environmental impacts and economic viability of producing biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass resources in various countries of the world. In many developed and developing countries, lignocellulosic biomass is a significant feedstock for bioenergy used in industrial sector for power generation but the fact remains that the detail study on current status of lignocellulosic utilization for bioenergy industry is still estimated and partial.

Assessment and mitigation of the environmental burdens to air from land applied food-based digestate

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Anaerobic digestion (AD) of putrescible urban waste for energy recovery has seen rapid growth over recent years. In order to ascertain its systems scale sustainability, however, determination of the environmental fate of the large volume of digestate generated during the process is indispensable. This paper evaluates the environmental burdens to air associated with land applied food-based digestate in terms of primary pollutants (ammonia, nitrogen dioxide) and greenhouse gases (methane and nitrous oxide).

Benchmarking sustainability using indicators: An Indian case study

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

This paper develops an index to measure sustainability based on the broad themes of social, economy and environment. Nineteen appropriate indicators were selected based on relevance, data availability, and periodicity for each leg of sustainable development. A correlation analysis was carried out to assess relationships between the 19 indicators representing different parameters under the three themes. These parameters were then normalized using Z-score technique. The Z -scores computed for each of these parameters were then used to develop a Sustainable Development Index (SDI).

Changes in oil content and fatty acid composition in Jatropha curcas during seed development

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Seed development in Jatropha curcas L. was studied with respect to morphology, oil content and lipid profiles. Seeds were collected at 8 different stages of development starting from 6 days after pollination till maturity. Seed oil content increased from 6.15% to 35.86%. Palmitic acid (16:0) decreased from 34.27- 15.62, whereas linolenic acid (18:3) reduced from 26.32 to 0.65%. A sharp increase in oleic acid (18:1) content from 8.05 to 29.56% was observed at stage 5 which increased further to 44.38% at maturity.

Chitosan–nanohydroxyapatite composites: Mechanical, thermal and bio-compatibility studies

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Bionanocomposites of chitosan were prepared with nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) using 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) as coupling agent. The tensile and flexural properties for 8% nHA loading showed optimal values. Compressive modulus also considerably increased from 525.16 MPa (0% nHA) to 1326.5 MPa with 10% nHA. Surface functionalization of fillers along with the addition of HEMA as coupling agent led to enhanced mechanical properties similar to human bone.

Commingled nanocomposites of LDPE/PP/Nylon 6/EPDM reinforced with MWCNT and Kenaf Fiber with enhanced mechanical, thermal and flammability characteristics

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Multicomponent commingled composites comprised of LDPE, PP, Nylon 6 and EPDM have been prepared using a mixture of two epoxy functionalized polyolefins as compatibilizers to enhance interfacial interactions. Kenaf fiber has also been added for reinforcement along with Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). The mechanical and thermal properties for the nancomposites have been determined and assessed using predictive theories. The flammability characteristics for the nanocomposites were also assessed.

Corporate Social Responsibility in India: Revisiting Carroll’s Pyramid and The Road Ahead

Research Paper
| January 11, 2018

Section 135 of the recently implemented Indian Companies Act, 2013 made Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) mandatory for a certain category of companies in India but a debate on pros and cons of mandatory CSR is still going on. Significant issues in this debate are definition, scope and legitimacy of CSR. The existing definitions of CSR in the literature are congruent to a large extent but there is no universally acceptable definition.